By Dr. Mercola
When you think of body fat you most likely think of cellulite and love handles (subcutaneous fat), but there’s another type of fat in your body that is much less visible and actually far more dangerous.
Unlike subcutaneous fat that lies just under your skin and is noticeable, visceral fat lies in your abdominal cavity, under the abdominal muscle, and often surrounds your vital organs.
Visceral fat, together with elevated blood pressure, unstable blood sugar and unhealthy levels of cholesterol make up what we call “metabolic syndrome,” which in turn increases your risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke. Like all body fat, diet and exercise will help keep your visceral fat levels to a minimum; however there appear to be other factors involved as well, including the health of your digestive tract.
Leaky Gut May Increase Visceral Fat
New research from Sweden has uncovered a novel connection between intestinal permeability (aka leaky gut) and visceral fat. Women with higher markers of leaky gut also had higher levels of visceral fat and liver fat, and larger waist circumference, which would suggest that this condition may promote the accumulation of visceral fat, as well as impact the related metabolic dysfunction.
So what exactly is leaky gut?
It is a condition that occurs due to gaps in the membrane lining your intestinal wall.
These tiny gaps allow toxic substances that should be confined to your digestive tract to escape into your bloodstream – hence the term leaky gut syndrome. These toxic substances can come from numerous sources, such as Candida yeast overgrowth, undigested food particles or waste products, and they basically irritate your intestinal lining, eventually compromising its integrity and allowing a flow of toxic particles to “leak out” into your bloodstream. The leaking particles, in turn, prompt an inflammatory reaction from your body that can cause a wide variety of symptoms.
Most often leaky gut syndrome is associated with inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis, or celiac disease, but even healthy people can have varying degrees of intestinal permeability. In fact, the aforementioned study involved healthy women, not those with a health condition that would normally signal a problem with leaky gut.
Why is this important?
Because it means you, too, could have a leaky gut that is predisposing you to carry higher levels of visceral fat, which in turn could increase your risk of diabetes, heart disease and other chronic diseases.
What’s the Secret to Avoiding Leaky Gut?
Your body contains about 100 trillion bacteria — more than 10 times the number of cells you have in your entire body. It’s now quite clear that the type and quantity of micro-organisms in your gut interact with your body in ways that can either prevent or encourage the development of many diseases.
Virtually anything that can upset the balance of bacteria in your digestive tract can encourage damage to your intestinal lining that can lead to leaky gut. It’s a very fragile system, and it’s important to realize that your gut bacteria are very vulnerable to lifestyle and environmental factors, such as:
|+Sugar / fructose||+Refined grains||+Processed foods||
+Antibiotics (including antibiotics given to livestock for food production)
|+Chlorinated and fluoridated water||+Antibacterial soaps, etc.||+Agricultural chemicals and pesticides||+Pollution|
All of these factors throw your gut flora out of balance, and, as you can see, many of these factors are pervasive and can be difficult to avoid. However, it’s not impossible. Simply altering your diet to avoid processed foods and focusing on whole (ideally locally grown organic) foods will make a big dent! That change alone will dramatically reduce the amount of sugar and fructose you consume, as well as automatically limit your exposure to antibiotics and agricultural chemicals.
+Gas and bloating
+Constipation or diarrhea
|+Nausea||+Nausea||+Sugar cravings, and cravings for refined carb foods|
How can you tell whether your health is already starting to suffer from a damaged digestive system? The following symptoms are all signs that unhealthy bacteria have taken over too much real estate in your gut, and you may be suffering from leaky gut:
If you’re experiencing these symptoms, you probably need to add some healthy probiotics (good bacteria) to your diet, either in the form of traditionally fermented foods or a high-quality supplement. Probiotics are essential for optimal digestion of food and absorption of nutrients, and they help your body produce vitamins, absorb minerals and aid in the elimination of toxins. Green Med Info lists over 200 studies linking probiotics to more than 170 different diseases and health problems.
Healthy options for probiotics include:
|+Lassi (an Indian yogurt drink, traditionally enjoyed before dinner)||
+Various pickled fermentations of cabbage sauerkraut, turnips, eggplant, cucumbers, onions, squash, and carrots
+Fermented raw milk such as kefir or yogurt, but NOT commercial versions, which typically do not have live cultures and are loaded with sugars that feed pathogenic bacteria
|+Natto (fermented soy)||+Kim chee|